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Tuesday, April 28, 2020 | History

2 edition of Medicaid expansions and welfare contractions found in the catalog.

Medicaid expansions and welfare contractions

Janet M. Currie

Medicaid expansions and welfare contractions

offsetting effects on prenatal care and infant health?

by Janet M. Currie

  • 242 Want to read
  • 36 Currently reading

Published by National Bureau of Economic Research in Cambridge, MA .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Medicaid -- Law and legislation.,
  • Prenatal care -- United States.,
  • Infant health services -- United States -- Utilization.,
  • Welfare recipients -- Health and hygiene -- United States.,
  • Health services administration -- Government policy -- United States.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementJanet Currie, Jeffrey Grogger.
    SeriesNBER working paper series -- no. 7667, Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research) -- working paper no. 7667.
    ContributionsGrogger, Jeff., National Bureau of Economic Research.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination38 p. ;
    Number of Pages38
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL22399764M

    Medicaid Expansions Bill Evans Fall 2 Medicaid Expansions – Pregnant women • Before late s, Medicaid was available for non-elderly people in cash assistance programs, e.g. AFDC • AFDC eligibility was determined by income/asset/expenses test and lack of spouse • Could also become eligible if ‘medically needy’ e.g., high. Medicaid—the state-run, federally and state-financed program that provides health insurance to eligible low-income Americans—is crucial. More than 50 million low-income children and adults of all ages rely on Medicaid for essential medical, dental, and long-term care. 1 But Medicaid also has troubling flaws. Eligibility rules and covered services vary widely from state to state.


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Medicaid expansions and welfare contractions by Janet M. Currie Download PDF EPUB FB2

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX Document Object Identifier (DOI): /w Published: Currie, Janet and Jeffrey Grogger. "Medicaid Expansions And Welfare Contractions: Offsetting Effects On Prenatal Care And Infant Health?," Journal of Health Economics,v21(2,Mar), citation courtesy of.

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Get this from a library. Medicaid Expansions and Welfare Contractions: Offsetting Effects on Prenatal Care and Infant Health?. [Janet Currie; Jeff Grogger] -- Evaluations of changes to the Medicaid program have focused on increases in the generosity of income cutoffs for Medicaid Medicaid expansions and welfare contractions book.

Previous research shows that despite dramatic increases in the. Currie, Janet & Grogger, Jeffrey, "Medicaid expansions and welfare contractions: offsetting effects on prenatal care and infant health?," Journal of Medicaid expansions and welfare contractions book Economics, Elsevier, vol. The fact that welfare rates have an impact on the utilization of prenatal care indicate that the administrative link between welfare and medicaid remains important, even in the face of dramatic expansions in income eligibility for the program, and the adoption of many administrative reforms intended to simplify by: Janet Currie & Jeffrey Grogger, "Medicaid Expansions and Welfare Contractions: Offsetting Effects on Prenatal Care and Infant Health?," NBER Working.

At the same time, there were no significant legislative expansions of Medicaid eligibility or services during this period, and welfare caseloads were stable or declining.

Although Medicaid enrollment actually declined by an average of percent per year between andannual Medicaid expenditure growth averaged nearly 15 by: In this paper, I analyze how Medicaid expansions affect labor force and welfare participation in the U.S. The next phase of Medicaid expansions Medicaid expansions and welfare contractions book began in under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), the largest public health insurance expansion since the “Great Society” programs of the by: 1.

the expansions increased access for beneficiaries. Finally, political context—support Medicaid expansions and welfare contractions book opposition from stakeholders and voters—plays a critical role in shaping the success of Medicaid expansions.

Conclusions: Early Medicaid expansions under the ACA offer important lessons to federal and state. A key feature of the Affordable Care Act — or Obamacare, as it has come to be known — is the expansion of Medicaid to millions of low-income Americans, many of them uninsured, beginning next year.

This has been one of the most controversial parts of the new health care law, and some states are still deciding whether to take part in the expansion. This paper will explore some recent Medicaid expansions for children that explicitly sever the link between Medicaid eligibility and AFDC eligibility and generate sizable exogenous shocks to the budget set of some welfare recipients.

2 Using recent data from the Current Population Survey (CPS), I. In the early s, Arizona, Maine, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, and Vermont expanded Medicaid to cover more low-income individuals, primarily childless adults.

This change provides the Medicaid expansions and welfare contractions book with an opportunity to analyze the effects of these expansions on labor supply and welfare enrollment. I Medicaid expansions and welfare contractions book a large data set of counties over 7 years, including 3 years of pre Cited by: 1.

Evaluating the Effects of Medicaid on Welfare and Work: Evidence from the Past Decade federal mandates for Medicaid, and the introduc-tion of the States Children’s Health Insurance Pro-gram, have increased eligibility for health insurance. Medicaid provides a basic set of free or subsidized medical services to poor, eligible families.

The pro. Employment Effects of the ACA Medicaid Expansions Pauline Leung, Alexandre Mas. NBER Working Paper No. Issued in August NBER Program(s):Labor Studies, Public Economics We examine whether the recent expansions in Medicaid from the Affordable Care Act reduced “employment lock” among childless adults who were previously ineligible for public by: 5.

expansions of Medicaid. The best existing evidence on employment lock among the population most affected by the Medicaid expansions – low-income childless adults – come from two quasi-experimental studies and one experimen-tal study of specific state programs that provide Medicaid or similar coverage to childless adults.

The first. Medicaid Expansion Updates and Waivers. As of36 states and the District of Columbia have Expanded Medicaid, while 14 states have not. That means over million adults who should have been covered under the ACA still lack coverage.

NOTE: Make sure to check the up-to-date list of states expanding Medicaid and an interactive map with descriptions of states considering expansion to see if. Medicaid Expansions and Welfare Contractions: Offsetting Effects on Prenatal Care and Infant Health. This new book provides an overview of the infrastructure bank concept and some examples of.

But over time, both federal and state policymakers have lost sight of Medicaid’s core purpose and turned the program into a catch-all, open-ended welfare program for non-disabled : Nicholas Horton.

Having federal taxpayers pick up between % of the cost of state Medicaid expansions was one of many questionable policy decisions made in the ACA. It’s also proving to be much more expensive than the federal government expected.

Under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), better known as Obamacare, the eligibility for Medicaid program was expanded to nearly all Americans under the age of 65 that are effectively at or below percent of the federal poverty level (approximately $32, for a family of four.) Prior to Obamacare, Medicaid eligibility was for these mandatory classes: children, pregnant women, very-low income.

Both Medicaid and Medicare are “welfare” programs. They were designed with the intention to make sure there is a minimum level of welfare among 1.

the retired 2. the poor and 3. the disabled non-working population. Yet one must note that the taxes. A federal government website managed and paid for by the U.S.

Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. Security Boulevard, Baltimore, MD Chapter 3: The Intersection of Medicaid and Child Welfare The Intersection of Medicaid and Child Welfare Key Points • Children and youth involved in the child welfare system have either been removed from their homes for abuse or neglect or are receiving in-home child welfare services as the result of an allegation of Size: KB.

Conservative groups and state Republicans, led by Maine’s firebrand Gov. Paul LePage (R), are pushing for the Medicaid expansion to be characterized on the ballot as Author: Alice Ollstein. Health reform’s Medicaid expansion has produced net budget savings for many states, new data show, and states such as Arkansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, and New Jersey expect continued net savings in coming years, even after they begin paying a modest part of the expansion’s cost.

The federal government would pick up the tab for most of the Medicaid expansion when it is implemented inbut states would be required to pay for 10 percent of it by Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: / Green Book: Medicaid Expansions and Welfare Contractions: Offsetting Effects on Prenatal Care and Infant Health.

Journal of Health Economics 21(2) Currie, Janet, and Jonathan Gruber. Saving Babies: The Efficacy and Cost of Recent Changes in the.

A provision in the Affordable Care Act called for expansion of Medicaid eligibility in order to cover more low-income the expansion, Medicaid eligibility would be extended to adults up to age 64 with incomes up to percent of the federal poverty level ( percent plus a 5 percent income disregard).

But in Junethe Supreme Court ruled that states could not be forced. Medicaid Source Book: Background Data and Analysis. Prepared for the use of the Subcommittee on Health and the Environment of the Committee on Energy and Commerce, “ Medicaid Expansions and Welfare Contractions: Offsetting Effects on Prenatal Care and Infant Health?Cited by: •Suppose that after Medicaid’s introduction, an outcome improved –Causal inference is unconvincing because other events occurred during the period •If a group is eligible in, say CT, but not in WI, then compare health outcome before and after Medicaid in the two states –Take the difference –Attribute it.

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) expanded Medicaid eligibility, but due to a U.S. Supreme Court ruling, the expansion is optional for states.

As ofabout half the states have elected to expand Medicaid eligibility. In states that adopted the expansion, all citizens with incomes below % of the federal poverty level will be eligible.

The Medicaid logjam appears to be breaking. When the Affordable Care Act first invited states to make more low-income people eligible for Medicaid, pretty much all the blue states said yes, but.

The original idea for expanding coverage under the ACA was that about half of the newly insured would gain private health plans through the marketplaces and the other half would become eligible.

Effects of Medicaid expansions and welfare contractions on prenatal care and infant health (Currie and Grogger, ). Data on birth outcomes from VSDN files – Data on fetal deaths from vital statistics fetal deaths detailed records. Medicaid rolls fell sharply in the late s, to be sure, but mainly as a consequence of events external to the program itself—namely, a strong economy and, most important, welfare reform Cited by: Medicaid reforms could hurt everyone who needs long-term care.

Medicaid covered approximately 97 million Americans over the course of6 million of whom were aged 65 and : Christy Bieber. Medicaid needs reform, not expansion.

This federal–state health care program provides health care to over 60 million Americans and consumes a growing portion of state and federal budgets. The most significant source of health insurance for low-income children is Medicaid, a program jointly funded by the federal and state governments and administered by the states.

Over the past fifteen years, Medicaid has undergone substantial changes, most aimed at increasing the availability of public health insurance for by: 5. The authors of the paper Effect of Expanding Medicaid for Parents on Children’s Health Insurance Coverage found that children’s Medicaid and CHIP coverage increases when their parents applied for Medicaid.

Effectively, the study demonstrates a causal link between a parent’s access to Medicaid and their children’s health coverage status. The Medicaid Notch, Labor Supply, and Welfare Participation: Evidence from Eligibility Expansions. Aaron Yelowitz (). The Quarterly Journal of Economics,vol.issue 4, Abstract: I assess the impact of losing public health insurance on labor market decisions of women by examining a series of Medicaid eligibility expansions targeted toward young by:.

pdf A report prepared by the Urban Institute for the Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured estimates that if all states expanded Medicaid, the total cost of. States’ decisions regarding Medicaid expansion are not nearly as simple as former Secretary Sebelius suggests.

Download pdf they were, more than only Vermont and the District of Columbia would have expanded Medicaid to the able-bodied, working age, childless adult population below % of the FPL prior to the ACA. The recent evidence showing that Medicaid enrollees’ receive low value.Finally, political context-support or opposition ebook stakeholders and voters-plays a critical role in shaping the success of Medicaid expansions.

Early Medicaid expansions under the ACA offer.